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On robots and men

Object and self-control

robotWe are machines in three-fourths of our actions. Leibniz

Managing impulses

 

Each day, Mankind works to his building. Three major sectors of activity characterize this construction. One of them concerns the control of impulses.
Many corporations work directly to the reduction of impulses: Justice, law, morality, education, psychology, are some of them. For example, legislators have developed many laws to prohibit slavery; pro-slavery states of mind have therefore been forced to limit their slave-drive impulses; they had to impose on themselves a yoke that they previously imposed on others.
Law or ethics therefore act directly on the will of impulses; they are not the only activities to act in this direction; technology also works at lowering progressively human impulses.

Technology and Object

Since the chipped Stone age, the human environment is composed of objects, which importance has continued to grow, becoming the environment of today’s Mankind, submerged with technology. A multitude of robots for the kitchen, the transport, crafts, is flooding our daily lives. Every day, countless automated utensils govern our existence.
Such automation requires certain mastery: we must be concentrated in crossing the road, in tinkering, in preparing our meals. We need even to control our impulses in our recreation when they imply technology (motor, sailing sports, and more generally all sports requiring utensils).
From early childhood, man is placed in the centre of a quantity of objects to be managed. He must learn to manipulate them correctly for not being hurt. To do this, he must learn harnessing his character. These new requirements impose us more alertness and self-control.
Driving for example requires from human to master his aggressiveness, impulsiveness under penalty of running himself a great risk, as we can see in human overflows.

Difference between ape and human

Since our release from the natural world, the number of items we are managing has developed considerably. Most primate societies use some utensils in their daily lives (sticks, stones, etc.); but it is nothing compared to contemporary man. Every day, humans must manipulate a huge quantity of instruments and machines.

 

Automation, Robots and mechanization

Two aspects: positive and negative.

industrieSystems are simplifying so much our work that we shall eventually need an electronic brain to turn our inches. Noctuel

Little by little, human items have been sophisticated; tools have become more and more complex. Human world is gradually getting automated, using robots. Automation can be considered in two aspects:
· Positive, if we consider that it gradually releases human from hiss constraints; that it prevents a loss of energy, offers more free time, and promote his personal development and the satisfaction of his pleasures.
· Negative, if on the contrary automation is considered as a producer of unemployment; an instrument of alienation, a factor of dehumanization and de-socialization.
Let's first alleviate the negative aspect of this vision, pessimistic and partially inaccurate.

The negative aspect

Some problems go in parallel with the progressive automation of the society; such as the increase of unemployment, the dehumanisation of work, its disposal towards technology or the deterioration of social relations. Actually, neither technology nor automation is implicated in these evils; it is Man and his way of using progress that are solely responsible.
· Man, for example, chose simultaneously robots and guilt for unemployment. It would have been quite possible to enhance free time and solidarity between active and unemployed people. Instead of increasing work rate and its evil, employers could have reduced working time and increase well-being in businesses. Actually, from a social point of view, robots do not benefit workers worldwide.
· Human chooses to make the TV an instrument of addiction. A relatively benevolent society would rather have made of it an instrument of social and intellectual progress.
· The organizers of industrial development prefer to dispose of their workers on assembly lines; they might have offered mild and pleasant working conditions.
· Prevailing systems seek by all means to preserve slavery mechanisms; they might have opted for friendly modes for the individuals.
· Society chose not to place the welfare of the people at the top of its concerns, though it has the means to do the opposite.
· Most of the dominant liberals reject any concept favourable to workers or to consumers. They might have chosen within liberal philosophies, more social proposals...
· Leaders of the market economy prefer to impose fierce and unconscious competition as rule of changes; why not have chosen a playful and respectful competition together with quality of life and conscious performance of the planet and its ecosystem?
· This is Man again who chose the benefit at the expense of fulfilling conditions of life...
· World leaders refuse to reduce the number of working hours, to increase the legal age of first job and to reduce working rates by increasing the workforce, to increase wages etc....
· Values of neo-liberalism have hardened human relations, developed narcissism, west-centrism, wild competition, growing violence, autistic benefit, non-respect for others.
A happy development of robots would be possible if it simply aim at the "human good", before targeting profit.


Good or evil robots ?

Evolution towards a respectful Mankind

ouvrierAtomic bombs robots have no choice or decision to take. Van Gog

Technically, humanity has the means to choose a soft, peaceful and environmentally friendly development. Only intention is missing.
Properly motivated media would exalt xenophile, generous, philanthropists, caring and selfless values.

Impulses and Conscience

Most of the problems assigned to progress are due to the command of impulses on the conscience...
Used by a charitable humanity, automation would "soften" instead the burden of the workers. It would offer them more free time, for education, love and raise their children.
The malicious use of chain labour arises from the inability to properly recognize others.

The purpose of automation

In my view, the deep purpose of robots is spiritual before being material; it gradually delivers mankind from its thankless businesses that are: monitoring, control, management, recognition of forms, support to decision, design, diagnosis, maintenance, etc.
Gradually machines replace intelligence, supporting human organization, management, and memory. Little by little, they relieve men from their worries, their assistance already saving considerable amount of time and physical/mental energy.
This temporal and energy savings are intended to enrich the happiness (as Greek philosophy quite rightly understood); for now, liberalism misleads us on this happiness, confusing it with consumption, competition, fame, money, etc.
This is only a stage in human evolution. The great spiritual values, today in withdrawals, start to resurface. The omnipotence of the market has fulfilled its mission: initiate globalization. The real taste of happiness returned gradually to the mouth of men

 

Robots and Ecstasy

Some time to contemplate

balla dynamismeWhat we call happiness is harmony and serenity, in the consciousness of a goal, in a positive way, a convinced and determined spirit, in the peace of the soul. Thomas Mann

Automation gives many services to contemporary society. It allows saving time, energy and gaining in precision. Moreover, our philosophy sees robots as the condition of accessing to wisdom and attaining contemplation and ecstasy.
In misusing robotics, Man exchanges property for an evil, proving he has not yet solved his psychological problems, related to his difficult mutation, where human trends conflict with human consciousness.

Recovering

Our specie is constantly evolving together with its relationship to technology. We become more and more able to develop positive technology. Mechanization will then become our ally; it will bear all boring activities of humanity.
When humanity will be finalized, all human tasks would be robotized in a benevolent way, because human will not be a wolf to man anymore (no more reason to make malicious robots).
Freed from the onerous chores, Mankind will be able to devote to contemplation and ecstasy; today, this sublime state is yet difficult to attain. Efforts towards asceticism do not convince common men to devote their life in such way. For the constructing man, overloaded with desire and impulses, the idea of idleness or contemplation, is untenable.
This will probably change in the future. By extending its metamorphosis, the human mind will gradually detach from violent pleasures, preferring the subtle pleasure of contemplation.
In our view, this is the final purpose of increased mechanization: to allow mankind to dedicate his life to the happiness and contemplative meditation.
In the next chapters, we will try to set the attributes of this absolute happiness.



Mechanical and mystical in Bergson

Ballotté, manipulé, automatisé, l'homme perd peu à peu la notion de son être. Vaclav Avel